Erasmus +

Academic Year 2021/2022

The Department of Law offers to Incoming students

- Introductory courses
- Ordinary courses
- Legal Language Courses
- Italian Language Courses

The first semester begins on 27 September 2021; the second semester begins on 21 February 2022.

Introductory courses and Italian Language Courses are pre-semester courses: their beginning is planned, for the first semester, on 13 September 2021 and, for the second semester, on 7 February 2022.

All the courses listed below are intended to be delivered in English unless otherwise specified.

A complete list of the courses included in the educational offer of the Department is available at the bottom of the page.



Introductory courses




  • Introduction to EU Law 6 ECTS - (Professor Jacopo Alberti,  Professor Serena Forlati, 2nd Semester) - course code 62340

    The course gives students an insight into the law of the European Union. The European Union is an international organisation (sui generis) with its own legal order, which is separate from International Law and forms an integral part of the legal systems of the Member States. The course will also address the basic features of Public international Law (subjects, sources, and the relationship between international law and national law), in order to better  understand the specific characteristics of the EU.
    The course is divided into two parts. The constitutional and institutional part address the following topics: (i) the creation and development of the EU; (ii) its institutional structure and functioning; (iii) competences; (iv) decision- making; (v) sources of EU law; (vi) direct effect and supremacy; (vii) the judicial system and enforcement of EU law.
    The substantive part of the course analyses in particular the internal market and harmonisation, the four fundamental freedoms and the area of freedom, security and justice. The analysis of the relevant case law of the European Court of Justice is an intrinsic part of the course. The course aims to meet the needs of incoming exchange students that would like to follow courses in the fields of International and European law but lack the relevant knowledge in those areas.


  • Introduction to International and EU Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Serena Forlati, Professor Jacopo Alberti 1st Semester) - course code

    The course will provide an introduction to Public International Law and EU Law, where the special features of the EU integration process will be discussed and compared to those of Public International Law. The course will address the following topics: (i) historical evolution and general features of the international and the EU legal orders; (ii) international legal personality; (iii) a focus on international organizations: (a) the competences and institutional structure of the United Nations (b) the competences and institutional structure of the EU; (iv) (a) the sources of International Law; (b) the sources of EU Law; (v) implementation of International and EU Law in the Domestic Legal Orders; specifically, the Italian perspective; (vi) the responsibility for internationally wrongful acts; (vi) (a) the settlement of international disputes; specifically the role of international courts and tribunals; (b) the Court of Justice of the EU and the role of domestic jurisdictions in the implementation of EU Law; (vii) the protection of fundamental human rights in International and EU Law.



    Ordinary Courses


  • Advanced Legal Clinic - 6 ECTS - (Professor Silvia Borelli, 1st Semester) - course code 70616

    The Advanced Legal Clinic is open to students of the Corso di Laurea magistrale in Giurisprudenza (including incoming exchange students). It consists of two parts: a General Module and the ESC Module.
    I. The General Module will touch upon the function and work of international Courts and Tribunals in contemporary international law. While contentious proceedings before the European Committee of social rights will be the specific focus, the students will also familiarize themselves more generally with the organization and procedure of inter-State courts and tribunals (International Court of Justice; International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; inter-State arbitration; settlement of disputes in International Trade Law) and of international judicial and arbitral bodies before which individuals and other non-State parties have ius standi (International Human Rights courts; international criminal jurisdictions; investment arbitration). Classes will be partly in Italian and partly in English.
    The ESC Module will focus on the preparation of the written and oral pleadings by the team participating in the Moot Court Competition concerning the European Social Charter. The Competition is based on the simulation of a dispute between a State and a trade union pending before the European Committee of social rights, which is the body that supervises on the European Social Charter.
    English is the working language.


  • Estadística por la Criminología (seminar) – (Professor Pedro Antonio García López, 2nd Semester)

    Desde los primeros estudios científicos en Criminología, la Estadística juega un papel fundamental en el estudio de las causas del delito como fenómeno social. La evaluación de dichas causas o factores debe ser medida, con base en los datos obtenidos sobre el fenómeno estudiado, para proceder a la intervención o al abordaje de una estrategia que reduzca el delito considerado. El conocimiento de las técnicas y métodos estadísticos de investigación en Criminología debe, por tanto, servir de base al graduado, o profesional de la criminología para comprender, cuando menos, la realidad social que investiga y extraer la información relevante del conjunto de datos considerado.
    En este contexto, la asignatura cubre un programa básico de Estadística con el que el estudiante aprenderá a recoger datos por medio de encuestas o redes sociales, realizará el análisis elemental de éstos en forma de tablas, gráficos y opcionalmente mediante mapas, y obtendrá la medida de la asociación/correlación entre dos variables. Los conceptos básicos de probabilidad nos permitirán asimismo presentar los modelos de distribuciones de probabilidad más usuales en Criminología, así como los fundamentos del muestreo. Finalmente, con las pruebas de hipótesis comprenderemos el concepto de significación estadística de especial importancia en la investigación científica.
    Todos los conceptos se ilustrarán con ejemplos de aplicación en Criminología y por medio del software libre JASP, con fuentes de datos de Instituciones Públicas y Encuestas oficiales.


    The course is in Spanish language. Please note that, although not included in the educational offer of the Department, the course will allow the acquisition of 6 ECTS.


  • European Company Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Magdalena Elisabeth de Leeuw, 2nd Semester) - course code 55539

    The course aims at giving students a wide understanding of the legal measures adopted in this field of law by the European institutions. As an introduction, the general characteristics of business organisations will be analysed (i.e. public/private companies and partnerships), as well as the main differences between these organisations in Europe. Although there is no codified European company law as such, harmonisation of the national rules on company law has created minimum standards and covers areas such as the protection of interests of shareholders and their rights, rules on takeover bids for public limited companies, branch disclosure, domestic and cross-border mergers and divisions, minimum rules for single-member private limited liability companies, financial reporting and accounting, easier and faster access to information on companies, and certain disclosure requirements for companies. The analysis of the harmonisation programme constitutes a central part of the course. This is followed by a thorough examination of the case law of the European Court of Justice, which in a couple of landmark decisions has clarified some long pending questions concerning the freedom of establishment of companies in the EU (from Daily mail to Polbud). Finally, the supranational business organisations, like the European Company (Societas Europaea) and the European Cooperative Society, will be scrutinised. The course also incorporates recent developments, such as the newly adopted Directive on cross-border conversions and divisions, and the creation of companies fully online.



  • European Criminal Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Ciro Grandi, 2nd Semester) - course code 55542

    The first part of the course will address the impact of the European Convention on Human Rights on national criminal laws, with a focus on: Right to life (Art. 2); Prohibition of torture (Art. 3); Principle of legality (Art. 7); Right not to be tried or punished twice (Art. 4 Prot. 7). The second part of the course will address the development of a European criminal policy and the interplays between EU law and national criminal law, with a focus on: (i) the lack of competence in criminal matters of European institutions under the founding Treaties; (ii) the harmonization of criminal offences and sanctions in the European legal system; (iii) the EU third pillar under the Treaties of Maastricht and Amsterdam; (iv) the Area of Freedom Security and Justice under the Treaty of Lisbon; (v) the European Arrest Warrant; (vi) the role of fundamental rights in EU criminal law.



  • European Labour Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Silvia Borelli, 2nd Semester) - course code 55541

    TThe course aims to provide knowledge of labour law issues in the European integration process. In the first part of the course, the social rules of the EU Treaties and the EU social policies are presented. The origin and the evolution of the European social dialogue and European and transnational collective bargaining are as clearly illustrated. The second part of the course deals with the harmonisation of national labour regulations or transnational labour law. 
    During each academic year, the course looks in greater depth at one of the two topics. The harmonisation of national labour law focuses on: health and safety at work; working time regulations; anti-discrimination law; non-standard workers; redundancies; transfer of undertaking; employer insolvency; right to information and consultation. Transnational labour law focuses on: free movement of citizens and workers; freedom of establishment and freedom to provide services and their effects on labour law (posting of workers, limits to the right to strike, the application of collective agreements); transnational collective agreements; right to information and participation in European undertakings and groups of undertakings. 
    During the lessons, the main ECJ, ECtHR and ECSR decisions are discussed and some European and transnational collective agreements are analysed.


    • European Private International Law in Contract and Tort (Seminar) - 3 ECTS - (Professor Samuel Fulli-Lemaire, 1st Semester)

    This course deals with the rules and cases of European private international law in the fields of contract and tort. As such, the issues of jurisdiction, applicable law and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments will be covered within the framework of the Brussels IA Regulation, the Lugano Convention, the Rome I Regulation and the Rome II Regulation. The course aims to offer a blend of classic (characterization, forum selection clauses, choice of law agreements, parallel proceedings…) and emerging (Brexit, corporate social responsibility, collective redress…) issues. There are no specific prerequisites, but background knowledge about private international law and familiarity with the law of obligations are helpful.


  • International Human Rights - 6 ECTS - (Professor Alessandra Annoni, 2nd Semester) - course code 44236

    The course will address the general framework of the protection of human rights in international law: (i) the multilevel protection of human beings in international law; the history of human rights and the role of the individual in the international legal system; (ii) the sources of international human rights law; (iii) the contents of human rights rules, with special reference to civil rights; (iv) the international responsibility for violations of human rights rules; (v) monitoring compliance with international human rights obligations: the role of diplomatic protection; UN Charter-based and treaty-based bodies; judicial enforcement, especially in the European system; criminal prosecution of human rights violations; civil suits against violation of human rights; and (vi) the effects of human rights rules on the Italian legal order.
    During the course, 3 or 4 seminars will be convened, either by the instructor of the course or by guest lecturers. Students will be asked to prepare in advance by reading some additional materials on a specific topic touched upon during the lectures and to engage actively in the discussion in class.



  • International Labour Law (seminar) - (Professors Gianni Rosas and Ambra Migliore, 1st Semester)

    The course aims to provide knowledge about the International Labour Organisation and how it operates. In the first part of the course, the origin and the history of ILO, that in 2019 celebrated its centenary, are illustrated. Moreover, the ILO tripartite composition is explained, describing the different bodies that operate inside the Organisation. Besides, the rules that regulate the ILO Committees that aim to enforce ILO Conventions and Recommendations are presented. 
    The second part of the course focuses on what ILO does to improve labour standards and working conditions. Therefore, the main ILO Conventions and Recommendations are examined, also taking into consideration how they have been implemented at national level. Some cases of infringements and violations detected by the ILO Committees are illustrated. In the final part of the course, the effectiveness of ILO regulation at national level is analysed, exploring if and how national courts apply ILO Conventions and Regulations and their juridical value in the national legal orders. Moreover, the relevance of ILO regulation for other International entities (such as the EU Institutions, the European Court of Human Rights and the European Committee for social rights) is explored.
    Participants in the first part of the course will earn 3 ECTS, as will participants in the second part of the course.
    In 2020 the course will be taught by two ILO fonctionnaires who present their in-depth knowledge of the Organisation.

    Please note that, although not included in the educational offer of the Department, the course will allow the acquisition of 3 + 3 ECTS.

    The lectures will take place fully online between the 23 of November and the 11 of December.

    The timetable of the lectures and the link for connecting to them will be provided soon.


  • International Taxation Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Marco Greggi, 2nd Semester) - course code 55540

    The course is divided into two parts. The first part addresses the main theoretical aspects of international taxation, including the legitimation to tax by a sovereign State, the (possible) self-restraint in the exercise of this power in order to prevent international double taxation, the source and residence rules applicable to cross-border situations. The second part focuses on the OECD and UN Model Conventions. These will be analysed following an article-by-article approach, with emphasis on specific provisions, such as those related to the concept of permanent establishment, residence (and domicile) for tax purposes and the notion of passive income.
    In this respect, the course will also deal with the ways and means to prevent double taxation, including the use of tax credits or the exemption mechanism. Eventually, basic tax planning schemes will be introduced to students, using the Italian legal system as a benchmark to assess their feasibility and the possible advantages determined by their actual implementation. In the academic year 2021 - 2022 the course will be integrated with a significant number of joint seminars held together with Professor Yoseph Edrey and his course on Constitutional aspects of fiscal legislation.



  • International Trade Law - 6 ECTS - (Professor Magdalena Elisabeth de Leeuw, 1st Semester) - course code 55538

    The first and main part of the course addresses cross-border private transactions, focusing on the international sale of goods and on the various relations that arise as a result of a sales contract. Topics include: the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG) (1980), the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Incoterms 2020 (‘standard trade terms’), international transportation of cargo by sea and road, including the Hague-Visby Rules and the Rotterdam Rules, and the Convention on the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR). An important aspect of an international sales transaction is insurance for loss and damage to cargo while in transit. Since most cargo is still transported by sea, the discussion shall focus on marine insurance. Attention is further paid to the issues of dispute resolution by domestic courts, arbitration and mediation, as well as the applicable law to cross-border disputes.

    The second part of the course focuses on the regulatory relationship between public authorities and traders, analysing in particular the rules laid down in WTO agreements with regard, inter alia, to tariffs and duties, subsidies and countervailing measures. At the end of the course students will have a clear overview of the complexities of an international sales transaction through the analysis of international conventions and rules, legislation and case law.



  • Introduction au droit français [Introduction to French law] - 6 ECTS - (Professor Laurence Klesta, 1st Semester) - course code 59277

    The course aims to provide an introduction to, and explain the basic notions of, French legal culture. Students will discover the law, study how legal rules work through the use of appropriate language and situate collocate French Law in the context of other legal systems by focusing on the meaning and relativity of the transalpine legal rule. The course will be organised into three parts: (1) The foundations of French Law (sources, features, distinction between objective law and subjective rights); (2) The implementation of French Law (application and interpretation); (3) The updating of French Law (from the 1804 Civil Code to the 2016 reform).

    The course is in French language.



    TThe course  is divided into three parts. The first part addresses some theoretical analyses of the following issues: Why we need taxes; Tax justification; Constitutional definition of Tax; Pigouvian tax and tax reliefs as means to deal with externalities (negative and positive as well); Major tax bases; Are taxes levied by a collective consent? The “Economic Social Contract”; The "four canon of a good tax system" and their implantation in modern time; The joint project concept; The benefit principle vis a vis the ability to pay; The role of economists in fiscal legislation; Do tax reliefs achieve their stated goal? Taxes on firms and households; Progressive, proportional, and regressive taxes; Who is responsible for the complexity of the tax system and the powerful “coalition” of lawyers, accountants, politicians, lobbyists, policy makers, administration officials and capital owners; The tax system's impact on the democratic regime; Negative income tax; The aggressive of international tax competition; The single tax principle.
    The second part is devoted to examining both the constitutional and the non-legal sources of various provisions in the common income tax systems. As for the former we discuss:  The Constitutional Right Not to pay without Consent; Tax and the Right to a Dignified Minimum Standard of Living; The Constitutional Right to Equality; The Constitution and Retroactive Taxes; The Constitution and Punitive Taxes; Tax Legislation and Freedom of Occupation
    As for the latter, we will focus mainly on Finance insights (what is interest? Time value of money, present and future values, etc.), and the firm theory, and use them in order to reveal the logic and rationales of basic income tax's rules. We shall stress the distinction between current income and capital gain; why private expenses are nondeductible for calculating taxable income; The realization requirement; The tax units and tax timing; Who bear the tax burden and income shifting; Linear and phased out tax reliefs.  
    The third part aim is to use the above theoretical and constitutional principles, and compare them with a national system, including the American one. Each student will be asked to briefly present the tax system used in her/his country and analyze it in accordance with the principles and ideas reviewed in the first part.  
    For most of the class meetings we'll use a teacher's manuscript that will be handed out to the participants of the course.


  • Transnational Organised Crime (3 ECTS) - Seminar - (Professor Andreas Schloenhardt, 1st Semester)

    This course explores the international legal framework to prevent and suppress transnational organised crime, including drug trafficking, smuggling of migrants, and trafficking in persons.  The course outlines and examines the criminology, levels, patterns, and modi operandi of these crime types, their criminalisation in international and domestic laws, and analyses national, regional and international strategies to investigate such crime and prosecute offenders.

    The course gives students a comprehensive understanding of contemporary patterns and characteristics of transnational organised crime and relevant international conventions.  The seminars, exercises and working-group sessions during the course invite students to critically reflect on the nature and limitations of international criminal law conventions and understand the rationale of international, regional, and domestic policies in this area.

    The course further seeks to improve students’ communication, presentation, discussion, and writing skills.  The course enhances students’ abilities to research policy documents and legal material, critically analyse legislation, case studies and scholarly writing, present to an academic audience, and elaborate practical recommendations for law reform and policy change relevant to the subject area.



  • Where vulnerability meets exploitation: legal responses to human trafficking - 6 ECTS - (Professor Dolores Morondo Taramundi, 2nd Semester) - GIANFORMAGGIO CHAIR - course code 77196



  • Private International Law - 6 ECTS - (TBC, 2nd Semester) - course code 52860

    Legal relationships within the area of private law often feature connections with two or more countries, thereby displaying an international character. Private international law deals with those cases. Its rules address the challenges posed by legal diversity, with the aim of providing certainty and ensuring the cross-border continuity of the rights of those involved. The course examines a selection of private international law instruments. The focus is on the rules enacted by the EU as regards contracts, torts, divorce and parental responsibility. Topics include: (i) the object and function of private international law; (ii) adjudicatory jurisdiction; (iii) the law applicable to cross-border legal relationships; (iv) recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments; and (v) international judicial assistance.


    Legal Language Courses



  • Advanced Legal English - 6 ECTS - (Professor Magdalena Elizabeth De Leeuw, 2nd Semester) - course code 55793

    The course aims to familiarise students with the workings of a common law legal system, and to develop competence in legal English to an advanced-level in all four language areas (reading, writing, listening and speaking). The course is divided into two parts.

    The first part addresses the essential points that students from civil law countries need to understand in approaching the study of legal English as a legal language, with a focus on the following topics: (i) legal English as part of the common law tradition; (ii) the legacy of English legal history; (iii) the doctrine of binding precedent; (iv) common law lawyers’ attitudes towards law: procedural thinking and procedural language; (v) the role of legislation and the style of law-making; and (vi) the interpretation of statutes.

    The second part of the course will improve students’ ability to read and understand legal texts, such as legal periodicals, commercial legislation, legal correspondence and other types of legal documents.  Students will improve their understanding of spoken English used to talk about legal topics in meetings, presentations, interviews and discussions.  There will be the opportunity to practice speaking skills in a range of situations typical of legal practice such as client interviews, discussions with colleagues and contract negotiations.


  • Legal English - 6 ECTS - (Professor Danila Patricia Fiordelmondo, 1st Semester) - course code 013934

    The course aims to provide an introduction to the use of English as a legal language in national and international legal contexts, while developing a range of language skills, both written and oral/aural at intermediate level, including a strong focus on vocabulary skills and English legal terminology. Variations in legal English in different national contexts and in international and European Union law are introduced.
    Lessons are based on the consultation of a range of original texts in English from both national (common law) and international legal orders, with particular emphasis on sources of law (constitutions, legislation, treaties), terminology and legal culture; a systematic approach to learning legal terminology and appropriate legal expression is an integral part of the learning process. The following topics are covered: (i) English in legal contexts; (ii) the language of a legal system (focus on the UK constitution); (iii) the European dimension and human rights (focus on international treaty law, the European Union, the European Convention on Human Rights); and (iv) the language of criminal law and human rights.



  • Legal Spanish - 6 ECTS - (Professor Claudia Amodio, 2nd Semester) - course code 54588

    The main objective of the course is to achieve sufficient competency in legal Spanish so as to be able to develop coherent, logical, accurate and appropriate Spanish legal terminology, spoken discourse; to be able to look up and comment on legal texts in Spanish and to be able to discuss legal topics. Learning Spanish cultural legal concepts, through texts and the latest key legislation, also forms part of the course objectives. Constitutional, Civil, Criminal and Procedural Law will be studied. The classes will be held entirely in Spanish.

    Italian Language Courses


  • Italian Language Crash Course (Beginners to A2, 5ECTS) - (Francesca Carpanelli, Micaela Gardelli, First Semester: 13 -25 September 2021; Second Semester: 7-19 February 2022)

    The Language Centre of the University of Ferrara offers several opportunities for incoming students to learn Italian, but we strongly suggest students who are enrolling at our Department of Law and who are interested in a beginners' course to join our own free intensive course. This course is specifically designed to meet their linguistic needs, while avoiding overlaps with their academic schedule. Although this course is an intensive pre-semester class, it can be regularly included in your Learning Agreement. Students passing the exam will be awarded 5 ECTS.

    Availability of the course subject to a minimum of 5 registered students. Please note: you are entitled to take more than one language course, but you will earn only 5 ECTS in total.

    You can register yourself filling this FORM



  • Italian Language Crash Course (Advanced to B2, 5ECTS) - (Roberta Gulinelli, First Semester: 13-25 September 2021)

    This course is specifically designed to meet linguistic needs of students that attend a Double-degree course and students who wish to deepen their linguistic knowledge. Although this course is an intensive pre-semester class, it can be regularly included in your Learning Agreement. Students passing the exam will be awarded 5 ECTS.

    Please note: you are entitled to take more than one language course, but you will earn only 5 ECTS in total.

    You can register yourself filling this FORM



    The Department of Law at the University of Ferrara currently offers:


  • A Single-Cycle Degree in Law, in Ferrara
  • A Single-Cycle Degree in Law, in the satellite campus of Rovigo (40 km north of Ferrara)
  • A three-year Degree in Legal Services, in Ferrara

    The students can also activate a traineeship.